Key Elements Of The Constitution – IAS Institute In Chennai
Our Constitution is said to be one of the most unique constitutions to be ever written in the political history of the world. It has salient features which are very distinctive in nature. Our Politics lecturer from Top IAS Coaching In Chennai has made a detailed note on the key features as listed below.
- Quite Lengthy In Nature – The first feature is that with its 395 articles including 12 schedules, it is one of the longest constitutions to be ever written. When you study it with top countries like the US which enlist seven articles in its Constitution, this is the longest.
- Source of the Constitution – The Indian Constitution was outlined from various other constitutions along with the Government of India Act 1935.
|Indian Constitution Features||Source|
|Basic structure (Public Service Commissions, Judiciary,Administrative details,Federal scheme, Governors, Emergency powers, etc.)||Government of India Act|
|Fundamental Rights||American Constitution|
|Directive Principles||Irish Constitution|
|Cabinet model of government||British Constitution|
- Uniform Entity – The federal characteristics of Indian Constitution constitute of a government system with powers lying in the centre and the state, the powers divided between the judiciary, legislature and executive, constitutional level supremacy, a judiciary which is independent and the 2 houses – lower and upper houses etc.
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Other Salient Features as enlisted by All India Civil Service Coaching Centre in Chennai
- Parliamentary model of Government – According to the parliamentary form of Government, the majority party that wins the election will rule the government. It also enlists features like lower house dissolution, that is the Lok Sabha and state assemblies, the leadership of the ministers at different levels and cabinet type of government.
- The sovereignty of the Parliament and Supremacy of the Judiciary – There is an equilibrium between the parliament and the judiciary. By the power vested in the Supreme court by the constitution, it can turn down any law passed by the parliament. According to Article 368, the parliament which is the body of representatives, can make or amend any law in the constitution.
There are some other features that are explained in detail by our professors while taking classes in our IAS Institute in Chennai like the characteristics of the Indian Judicial System as detailed below.
- Judiciary which is both Independent and Integrated -The judiciary rules at the highest level in India with Supreme Court , the State high court and the District High Courts with the subsidiary courts below it, and the High Court under control.Courts at all levels, whether central or state has the responsibility of enforcing laws upon its citizens.
Appointing Supreme Court judges and High Court judges, Using impeachment method for eliminating judges, restriction on their practicing after retirement, etc. are some features that make the Judicial System of India independent as well.
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The directive principles of state policy which aims at making our nation a progressive state, the equilibrium of rigidity and flexibility in the constitution, etc, are some other features of our constitution. Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties, Emergency Provisions, Universal Adult Franchise, etc. are also elaborated by our teachers while coaching IAS aspirants.
It is always best to join an IAS academy to study methodically and with positive competitiveness. The teachers in our institute guide you and help you build your knowledge in various aspects of Indian history, politics as well as other important subjects of IAS so that you are fully prepared for your exam. We offer you comprehensive training that not only helps you build your career but your personality as well!