The UPSC Civil Services Exam consists of three stages: Preliminary, Mains, and Interview. During the Mains, candidates must choose one optional subject, which is crucial in determining their ranking in the exam. Literature subjects have seen a growing success rate in recent years.
Santhali Literature, also known as Santali, is an optional subject offered in the UPSC Civil Services examination. As one of the 22 official languages recognized by the Constitution of India, Santhali is an optional subject for the UPSC Mains exam. The language is spoken in several Indian states, including Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Bihar, Assam, West Bengal, Odisha, Tripura, and Mizoram.
To prepare for the Santhali Literature component, candidates should familiarize themselves with the syllabus and recommended books. The language of the Austroasiatic family is distinct from others spoken in north and central India, and answers must be written in the Olchiki script. Santhali Literature carries a total of 500 marks, divided between two papers, each worth 250 marks.
Ideal candidates for this subject are those who have previously studied or learned Santhali in school or as their native language. The linked article provides further information on the syllabus and recommended books for this subject and other optional subjects for the UPSC Mains exam.