The UPSC Civil Services Examination is a multi-stage exam that includes the Prelims, Mains, and Interview. When preparing for this exam, candidates must choose an optional subject, which plays a crucial role in determining their final ranking. In recent years, the success rate of literature-based subjects has been rising.
In the 2017 UPSC Mains exam, 39 candidates chose Punjabi as their optional subject. Punjabi is a widely spoken Indo-Aryan language in Punjab and several other northern regions in India. It is recognized as one of the official languages of India and is written using both the Gurumukhi and Shahmukhi scripts.
Punjabi literature is a popular optional subject for the UPSC Civil Services Mains exam, and the syllabus includes topics such as the history of the language and its literature, major literary traditions, dialects, and the development of the Gurumukhi script. It also requires a critical evaluation of the works of well-known Punjabi authors. The Punjabi optional is comprised of two papers, each worth 250 marks.
In order to prepare effectively for the Punjabi literature section of the exam, it is important to familiarize oneself with the syllabus and follow the recommended books. The linked article comprehensively lists the UPSC Punjabi literature syllabus and recommended books.